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Malayoid - Japanese Gamefowl

Breed Information

KINPA – there are very few examples of this little breed in Japan, and even fewer in the rest of the world. Its main characteristic is that the cocks are henny feathered ie they do not have typical male plumage – lacking the saddle hackle and sickle tail feathers. In some areas of Japan white and black are the only standard colours, but other colours are recognised elsewhere.

The Kinpa belongs to the group of Japanese 'small Shamo' breeds. The breed has been created in 1830 in the city of Akita situated on the main island of Honshu, and shows some similarity to a small Aseel. It is generally accepted that the Japanese imported a lot of fowl from different Asian countries during the 16th century, so it is not unthinkable that indeed the Kinpa has been developed out of small Asil imported from abroad. Dispite the fact that the game character of the "Kinpa" has been preserved the breed is not used at present day as pitfowl in Japan. They are only bred and kept as exhibition fowl.

Typical features: triple peacomb, eye colour: pearl; shank colour: yellow, yellow with black spots (depending on colour of the plumage). The henny feathering is known in Japan as "marubane" (= round-feather). Weight: male 3.9 Lbs (1.8 Kg), female 3 Lbs (1.4 Kg). Typical colours: black, white, spangled & wheaten. The best birds are of the black colour .The first "Kinpa" outside Japan have been imported into Belgium in 1986. Only very few birds exist at present day in Europe.

British KINPA Standard

(taken from the Japanese)

Origin : Japan Classification. Asian Hardfeather. True Bantam Egg colour : White or tinted

The Kinpa is one of the small Shamo breeds from Japan, distinguished by the males being ‘henny feathered’.

General characteristics : Male Type and Carriage : Small, alert and confident, with upright stance. Body: Extremely firm and muscular. Broad at front, becoming narrower towards the saddle. Breast: Broad, well-rounded and muscular. Back: Broad with straight backbone, sloping down towards the tail. Wings: Short, fitting close to the body, not showing on back but with prominent shoulders. Split wing is typical of the breed and should not be penalised. Tail: Very short, carried below horizontal and curving in towards the body . Head: Broad and rounded with a short, strong, well-curved beak. Well developed brows and protruding cheeks. Small triple or walnut comb. Wattles and lobes (if any) insignificant. In old birds there is a definite dewlap. Neck: Medium length, well curved, held upright. Legs and Feet : Thighs strong with slight bend at hock. Shanks medium length, strong and straight. Toes four, straight. Plumage: Narrow, short, hard and brilliant. Feather sparse and can show bare red skin at keel, vent and point of wing. Male birds are henny feathered – having no pointed hackle feathers and no sickle feathers in the tail. Handling: Extremely firm fleshed, muscular and well-balanced.

Female The general characteristics are similar to those of the male, allowing for natural sexual differences.

Colour Male and female : Black and white are standard colours, but other colours are acceptable. Beak yellow or horn. Legs and feet yellow. Black overcolour allowed in dark coloured birds. Comb, face , earlobes and wattles bright red. Eyes pearl to yellow (darker allowed in young birds).

Weights Male 1 – 1.5kg (2lb4oz – 3lb7oz) Female 1 kg (approx 2lb4oz)

Scale of points Type and carriage 40 Plumage 10 Colour 10 Head 20 Legs and feet 10 Condition 10 /100

Serious defects Any evidence of male feathering. Lack of attitude. Comb other than standard, ‘Duck’ feet.


Article "De Kinpa" (1988) by Geert Coppens (Belgium) Asian Gamefowl Society

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