Tuzo

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Pic courtesy of tuzojoe
Pic courtesy of tuzojoe

Contents

Origin

USA & Europe

Classification

Malayoid Bantam breed

Background Information

According "Cockfighting all over the World" written in 1928 by Carlos Finsterbusch this breed was only bred and owned by the Japanese nobility. But strange enough in Japan there is no breed known or has ever been known by this name (source: Mr.Yoshihisa Kubota, Secretary of the "Japan Poultry Society"). This breed has never been mentioned in Japanese publications from the past or present. The only reference to be found with a similar name dates back to 1800 in a publication from a Japanese author named Ranzan Ono saying..."small Shamo are called Tuzi". Members of the above mentioned society are the opinion that the only breed that comes close to matching Western 'Tuzo' description and photographs is the Nankin Shamo, although that is a much smaller breed. This, and the Yakido, are the only Japanese 'Small Shamo' breeds not having "shrimp" tails. It seems that American GIs after their service in Japan took home some of these Nankin Shamo which locally could have been known by the old name "Tuzi". But this hypothesis is not based on indisputable evidence. The first Tuzo eggs were imported to Holland from the US by Mr.Awe Wullften-Palthe. Typical features: Aseel-like in shape and form, pearl eyes, triple pea comb, shank colours: flesh coloured with a blackish touch, yellow, all black, Colour of the face: red, with darker pigment also acceptable. Weight: male 3.9 Lbs (1.8 Kgs), female: 3.3 Lbs (1.5 Kgs) Strains today are still seen having black spurs. Old literature also mentioned a black tongue, but this feature has not been recorded in Tuzo bred today. However this "mystery" breed became very popular in Europe, but as several strains have been imported the breed is not completely uniform. Some breeders go for the Shamo-like appearance other in direction of the Aseel-type. In Britain the breed is accepted in self-colour only, but in Europe black/red and other game colours are also acceptable - but these tend to be indistinguishable from some lines of Bantam Asil.

British TUZO Standard

Origin : U.S.A. and Europe from Oriental bloodlines Classification. Asian Hardfeather. True Bantam Egg colour : White or tinted

The Tuzo is a hard feather true bantam developed in U.S.A. and Europe from Oriental bloodlines. (Standardised in Germany in1983.)

General Characteristics

Male

Type and Carriage : Small and elegant with upright stance.

Body: Extremely firm and muscular. Broad at front, becoming narrower towards the saddle.

Breast: Broad and well-rounded, thrust forward a little.

Back: Short and straight. Held at a steep angle. Saddle feathers short and narrow.

Wings: Short and broad, fitting close to the body but with prominent shoulders. Showing bare red skin at point of wing.

Tail: Well-developed . Carried horizontally or a little below and only moderately curved.

Head: Broad and rounded with a short, strong, well-curved beak. Well developed brows and protruding cheeks. Small triple comb. Wattles and lobes (if any) insignificant. In old birds there is a definite dewlap.

Neck: Medium length, well curved, held upright. Neck hackle short, not covering shoulders.

Legs and Feet : Thighs strong with slight bend at hock. Shanks medium length, strong and straight. Toes four, straight.

Plumage: Very narrow, short, hard and brilliant.

Handling: Extremely firm fleshed, muscular and well-balanced.

Female The general characteristics are similar to those of the male, allowing for natural sexual differences. Generally of a rather less upright stance.

Colour Male and female : Plumage black with green sheen. Blue, and white, are also accepted. Beak dark horn to black. Legs and feet dark olive to black, with light soles. Comb, face , earlobes and wattles bright red in males, face may be darker in females. Eyes pearl to yellow (darker allowed in young birds).

Weights Male 1 – 1.5kg (2lb4oz – 3lb7oz) Female Approx 1 kg (2lb4oz)

Scale of points Type and carriage 40 Plumage quality 10 Colour 10 Head 20 Legs and feet 10 Condition 10 /100

Serious defects Lack of attitude. Any deformity. Comb other than standard. Horizontal carriage. Wattles too big. Absence of dewlap on old birds. Long pointed head . Pointed beak. Short legs. Cow hocks. Pale legs. Loose feather.


Sources

article "The Tuzo" (1986) by Johnny van Impe (Belgium)

Asian Gamefowl Society

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